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PostPosted: Fri Oct 04, 2013 9:23 am 
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Labor Intensive Industry
By: EconomyWatch Date: 30 June 2010


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The core Content Team our economy, industry, investing and personal finance reference articles.EconomyWatch, Content TeaminShare

Labor Intensive Industry refers to that industry, which requires substantial amount of human labor to produce the industrial products. As the name suggests, these labor intensive industries use labor intensively. This means, the proportion in which labor is used for production is much higher than the proportion of capital.

In these labor intensive industries, labor costs are much more important than the capital costs. Labor intensive industries usually do not carry high fixed cost. On the contrary, higher percentage of variable costs is incurred in the labor intensive industries. As these industries do not involve high level of fixed cost or high level of maintenance cost, they hold high earning potential. But, in case of high level of inflation in the Economy, the labor intensive industry can suffer to some extent. This is because, in the times of high level of inflation, the laborers can reveal their unwillingness to work at the same level of wage, as inflation lowers their real earnings.

Hospitality industry and coal mining industry are the industries, which hold a labor intensive industry structure. For the under developed and developing economies, labor intensive industry structure can be proved to be a better option than a capital intensive one. The countries, which are not rich and generate low level of income, labor intensive industry can bring economic growth and prosperity. In most of the cases, these low income countries suffer from scarcity of capital but are blessed with abundant labor force. If they can use this abundant labor force properly in their industry production, then they can experience industrial growth. Supply of perfectly skilled labor to any industry can trigger the industry growth rate. In this way, the under developed countries can improve their industrial economy without doing heavy capital investment.

Moreover, exportation of the products manufactured by labor intensive industries can strengthen the export base of any developing Country. These exports help the economies in earning foreign exchange, which can be used for importing essential goods and services. As the labor intensive industries generate employment on a large scale, they in a way contribute to economic well being.


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PostPosted: Fri Oct 04, 2013 9:47 am 
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Biofuel
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Renewable energy
Biofuel Biomass Geothermal Hydroelectricity Solar energy Tidal power Wave power Wind power
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A biofuel is a fuel that contains energy from geologically recent carbon fixation. These fuels are produced from living organisms. Examples of this carbon fixation occur in plants and microalgae. These fuels are made by a biomass conversion (biomass refers to recently living organisms, most often referring to plants or plant-derived materials). This biomass can be converted to convenient energy containing substances in three different ways: thermal conversion, chemical conversion, and biochemical conversion. This biomass conversion can result in fuel in solid, liquid, or gas form. This new biomass can be used for biofuels. Biofuels have increased in popularity because of rising oil prices and the need for energy security. However, according to the European Environment Agency, biofuels do not necessarily mitigate global warming.[1]
Bioethanol is an alcohol made by fermentation, mostly from carbohydrates produced in sugar or starch crops such as corn or sugarcane. Cellulosic biomass, derived from non-food sources, such as trees and grasses, is also being developed as a feedstock for ethanol production. Ethanol can be used as a fuel for vehicles in its pure form, but it is usually used as a gasoline additive to increase octane and improve vehicle emissions. Bioethanol is widely used in the USA and in Brazil. Current plant design does not provide for converting the lignin portion of plant raw materials to fuel components by fermentation.

Biodiesel is made from vegetable oils and animal fats. Biodiesel can be used as a fuel for vehicles in its pure form, but it is usually used as a diesel additive to reduce levels of particulates, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbons from diesel-powered vehicles. Biodiesel is produced from oils or fats using transesterification and is the most common biofuel in Europe.

In 2010, worldwide biofuel production reached 105 billion liters (28 billion gallons US), up 17% from 2009,[2] and biofuels provided 2.7% of the world's fuels for road transport, a contribution largely made up of ethanol and biodiesel.[citation needed] Global ethanol fuel production reached 86 billion liters (23 billion gallons US) in 2010, with the United States and Brazil as the world's top producers, accounting together for 90% of global production. The world's largest biodiesel producer is the European Union, accounting for 53% of all biodiesel production in 2010.[2] As of 2011, mandates for blending biofuels exist in 31 countries at the national level and in 29 states or provinces.

[3] The International Energy Agency has a goal for biofuels to meet more than a quarter of world demand for transportation fuels by 2050 to reduce dependence on petroleum and coal.[4]


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PostPosted: Fri Oct 04, 2013 10:17 am 
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In 2010, worldwide biofuel production reached 105 billion liters (28 billion gallons US), up 17% from 2009,[2] and biofuels provided 2.7% of the world's fuels for road transport, a contribution largely made up of ethanol and biodiesel.[citation needed] Global ethanol fuel production reached 86 billion liters (23 billion gallons US) in 2010, with the United States and Brazil as the world's top producers, accounting together for 90% of global production. The world's largest biodiesel producer is the European Union, accounting for 53% of all biodiesel production in 2010.[2] As of 2011, mandates for blending biofuels exist in 31 countries at the national level and in 29 states or provinces.

[3] The International Energy Agency has a goal for biofuels to meet more than a quarter of world demand for transportation fuels by 2050 to reduce dependence on petroleum and coal.[4]


Can't understand why our government as well as our rich nationals remain adamant to seriously develop biofuel (specially jathropa) despite above WORLDWIDE CALL.

MAGPAPAKULELAT NA NAMAN BA TAYO AT MANANATILING NAGHAHABOL SA IBANG BANSA SA LARANGANG ITO?

SANA NAMAN KAHIT NGAYON LANG MAKASABAY TAYO!


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PostPosted: Tue Oct 08, 2013 6:34 pm 
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PH outsourcing industry running out of workers?

Agence France-Presse
Posted at 10/08/2013 6:04 PM | Updated as of 10/08/2013 6:04 PM
MANILA - The Philippines' outsourcing industry faces a shortage of trained personnel after a decade of rapid growth which saw it become a pillar of the economy, the industry association said Tuesday.

The country's outsourcing industry, second only to India, is suffering from "growing pains" as booming demand overtakes the supply of trained workers, said Jose Mari Mercado, president of the IT-Business Process Association of the Philippines.

The industry, which includes call centres, software design, animation and other functions that foreign companies find cheaper to farm out abroad, has grown by about 20 percent annually since 2007, he said.

"We've been so successful that our clients are asking us to do more work but the work they are asking us to do requires certain skills we don't normally have," he told AFP on the sidelines of an industry summit.

There is a growing demand for financing and accounting personnel, and even for experienced middle managers that the industry cannot immediately meet, he added.

Mercado projects the industry will have 960,000 direct employees and earn $16 billion overseas this year, up from 777,000 direct employees and $13 billion in 2012.

The industry now accounts for eight percent of the economy and this could rise to about 10 percent by 2016 with 1.3 million direct employees and $25 billion in overseas earnings, he said.

The Philippines is the world's top location for call centres but is finding it difficult to fill more technical jobs.

"What is stopping us from growing faster is that our skills and competences have to develop faster to meet the global demand," Mercado said.

"You can't just say you will hire a middle manager with five years of experience. There are very few people (like that). Definitely it is part of growing pains," he added.

The industry group is working with government and academic circles to develop courses to produce graduates who can meet the demand, he said.

Government and industry are also moving to expand the talent pool by setting up more outsourcing centers outside Metropolitan Manila, which now hosts 72 percent of all such companies, he said.


Mga kursong pwede dito ang dapat na kuhanin ng mga estudyante. Siguradong trabaho agad at medyo panalo naman ang sweldo.


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PostPosted: Tue Oct 08, 2013 8:04 pm 
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Tarugo Sensei wrote:
eto bro pinaka simpeng pwedeng gawin ng mga tao para dumami produksyon ng agricultural products, kahit saan pwede gawin. nakita ko ito noon sa boardng house tinutuluyan ko dyan sa manila. magtanim sa paso. pwede din gamitin sirang timba, balde, garapon, etc.

ImageImageImage

makakatulong na yan sa daily consumption. pag may sobra pwde ibenta 8)

Magandang idea ito

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PostPosted: Fri Oct 11, 2013 12:41 pm 
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Tnx for the post! FunkyDog & Tarugo Sensei wrote:

eto bro pinaka simpeng pwedeng gawin ng mga tao para dumami produksyon ng agricultural products, kahit saan pwede gawin. nakita ko ito noon sa boardng house tinutuluyan ko dyan sa manila. magtanim sa paso. pwede din gamitin sirang timba, balde, garapon, etc.

makakatulong na yan sa daily consumption. pag may sobra pwde ibenta
Magandang idea ito

[img][url][img]http://babaepalaako.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/luya.jpg?w=224&h=300[/img][/url][/img]

Tama kayo maganda ito dagdag sa pagkain pero sa opinion ko hindi sasapat ang kita dito para maka-sustento ng pamilya. Kailangan pa din ang may magandang sweldong trabaho.


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PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 5:01 pm 
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Goodbye Tobacco, Hello Stevia, Say Tobacco Growers

By ALAN FARNHAM | Good Morning America – 18 hours ago
Goodbye Tobacco, Hello Stevia, Say Tobacco Growers (ABC News)
Good Morning America - Goodbye Tobacco, Hello Stevia, Say Tobacco Growers (ABC News)
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After tobacco: What? Every year fewer and fewer farmers plant tobacco, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. But what are they to grow instead? Prospects look good, say experts, for a valuable but virtually unknown crop: stevia. From it is derived a zero-calorie, all-natural sweetener used by Coca-Cola, PepsiCo and a fast-growing list of other food and beverage manufacturers.

Robert Brooke, CEO of Stevia First, a California agribusiness looking to promote the plant's cultivation, tells ABC News that stevia has been grown in South America for hundreds of years. It's grown in China, and, since the 1970s, in Japan. But, says Brooke, barely 10 percent of U.S. consumers had ever heard of it by 2008, the year the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved its use as a sugar-substitute.

The most widely form of stevia now available in the U.S. is marketed by Cargill under the name Truvia. Mark Brooks, Truvia's global business director, tells Bloomberg that about 55 million American households bought stevia-sweetened products in the past year, according to Nielsen data.

EU Lawmakers Push Ahead With Anti-Tobacco Plans

Proponents call stevia the "holy grail" of sweeteners, perfect for people looking to slim down but not wanting to resort to artificial sweeteners. Its effect on blood sugar is negligible, they say, making it well suited to people on a carbohydrate-restricted diet.
Stevia sweetens Crystal Light drink mixes, Tropicana orange juice and some Smuckers' jams.
Stevia First says that according to a World Health Organization projection, stevia could eventually replace 20 percent to 30 percent of all dietary sweeteners now in use. The size of that market in 2010 was estimated by the WHO to be more than $58 billion.
So, where do tobacco farmers come in?

As crops, stevia and tobacco share similarities.

Both thrive in the same climates and soils. Stevia can be planted, grown and processed using many of the same techniques and much of the same equipment as tobacco. It's not a one-to-one match by any means, Stevia First's agronomist, Jeremiah Manns, tells ABC. But it's close enough for tobacco farmers to regard stevia as a promising alternative.

Would You Drink Tobacco-Flavored Vodka?
Bloomberg cites the example of Julian Rigby, a former Alma, Ga., tobacco farmer who three years ago switched to growing stevia. He tells Bloomberg the switch was easy. After making some modifications, he says he's been able to grow stevia using the same planters, harvesters, drying barns and loaders.

Sweet Green Fields, based in Bellingham, Washington, grows stevia in California, Georgia and the Carolinas. The company's vice president of science, Mel Jackson, tells ABC News that the percentage grown on former tobacco land is low, but interest among southeastern farmers is high. The move from one crop to the other he calls doable. "It can be done. We are doing it. Whether it's easy or not is another matter."

More farmers soon will have an added incentive to try, though, says Mike Quin, Sweet Green's senior vice president for sales: "Part of the issue is, some of the federal payouts and subsidies paid to tobacco farmers come to an end in 2014." Looking to the day subsidies end, tobacco growers, he says, are looking for a viable alternative. And stevia fills the bill.+

I think this is a good substitute for tobacco and a opportunity for farmers of Tobacolandia who are continuously losing their market.


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PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 5:01 pm 
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Goodbye Tobacco, Hello Stevia, Say Tobacco Growers

By ALAN FARNHAM | Good Morning America – 18 hours ago
Goodbye Tobacco, Hello Stevia, Say Tobacco Growers (ABC News)
Good Morning America - Goodbye Tobacco, Hello Stevia, Say Tobacco Growers (ABC News)
Email
Share6297
Print

After tobacco: What? Every year fewer and fewer farmers plant tobacco, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. But what are they to grow instead? Prospects look good, say experts, for a valuable but virtually unknown crop: stevia. From it is derived a zero-calorie, all-natural sweetener used by Coca-Cola, PepsiCo and a fast-growing list of other food and beverage manufacturers.

Robert Brooke, CEO of Stevia First, a California agribusiness looking to promote the plant's cultivation, tells ABC News that stevia has been grown in South America for hundreds of years. It's grown in China, and, since the 1970s, in Japan. But, says Brooke, barely 10 percent of U.S. consumers had ever heard of it by 2008, the year the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved its use as a sugar-substitute.

The most widely form of stevia now available in the U.S. is marketed by Cargill under the name Truvia. Mark Brooks, Truvia's global business director, tells Bloomberg that about 55 million American households bought stevia-sweetened products in the past year, according to Nielsen data.

EU Lawmakers Push Ahead With Anti-Tobacco Plans

Proponents call stevia the "holy grail" of sweeteners, perfect for people looking to slim down but not wanting to resort to artificial sweeteners. Its effect on blood sugar is negligible, they say, making it well suited to people on a carbohydrate-restricted diet.
Stevia sweetens Crystal Light drink mixes, Tropicana orange juice and some Smuckers' jams.

Stevia First says that according to a World Health Organization projection, stevia could eventually replace 20 percent to 30 percent of all dietary sweeteners now in use. The size of that market in 2010 was estimated by the WHO to be more than $58 billion.

So, where do tobacco farmers come in?

As crops, stevia and tobacco share similarities.

Both thrive in the same climates and soils. Stevia can be planted, grown and processed using many of the same techniques and much of the same equipment as tobacco. It's not a one-to-one match by any means, Stevia First's agronomist, Jeremiah Manns, tells ABC. But it's close enough for tobacco farmers to regard stevia as a promising alternative.

Would You Drink Tobacco-Flavored Vodka?
Bloomberg cites the example of Julian Rigby, a former Alma, Ga., tobacco farmer who three years ago switched to growing stevia. He tells Bloomberg the switch was easy. After making some modifications, he says he's been able to grow stevia using the same planters, harvesters, drying barns and loaders.

Sweet Green Fields, based in Bellingham, Washington, grows stevia in California, Georgia and the Carolinas. The company's vice president of science, Mel Jackson, tells ABC News that the percentage grown on former tobacco land is low, but interest among southeastern farmers is high. The move from one crop to the other he calls doable. "It can be done. We are doing it. Whether it's easy or not is another matter."

More farmers soon will have an added incentive to try, though, says Mike Quin, Sweet Green's senior vice president for sales: "Part of the issue is, some of the federal payouts and subsidies paid to tobacco farmers come to an end in 2014." Looking to the day subsidies end, tobacco growers, he says, are looking for a viable alternative. And stevia fills the bill.+

I think this is a good substitute for tobacco and a opportunity for farmers of Tobacolandia who are continuously losing their market.


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PostPosted: Wed Oct 16, 2013 5:25 pm 
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http://a.abcnews.com/images/Business/HT_stevia_plant_nt_131014_16x9_992.jpg

Relating to my post on stevia, I believe this is one kind of agricultural product that could have a great impact on Ilocos Region's economy or perhaps the whole nation if accepted by our local market.

I am not sure though whether its impact could be as huge as jathropa which is envisioned by many to greatly help in lessening our dependence on oil while providing country-wide employment .


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PostPosted: Thu Oct 17, 2013 11:57 pm 
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Ano kaya kung mag ambag ambag ang mga Paclanders para bumuo ng isang Company para makapag generate ng employment at kung papalarin na kumita hindi malayo na makapag donate tayo sa mga nangangailangan. Engineers, Accountants and other professionals will formulate a business plans, business proposals that is suitable to our present time. :D


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PostPosted: Sun Oct 20, 2013 7:32 pm 
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Quote:
pilyo2bay
Post subject: Re: LUMIKHA TAYO NG DAGDAG NA TRABAHO Reply with quote

Ano kaya kung mag ambag ambag ang mga Paclanders para bumuo ng isang Company para makapag generate ng employment at kung papalarin na kumita hindi malayo na makapag donate tayo sa mga nangangailangan. Engineers, Accountants and other professionals will formulate a business plans, business proposals that is suitable to our present time. :D


Tnx 4 the post! Great suggestion pilyo2bay! Problem is how do we sell our idea. I will think about it then come back to you asap, kakabalik ko lang galing province for some family duties.


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PostPosted: Sun Oct 20, 2013 8:26 pm 
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pilyo2bay wrote:
Ano kaya kung mag ambag ambag ang mga Paclanders para bumuo ng isang Company para makapag generate ng employment at kung papalarin na kumita hindi malayo na makapag donate tayo sa mga nangangailangan. Engineers, Accountants and other professionals will formulate a business plans, business proposals that is suitable to our present time. :D



anong klaseng business kaya bro p2b? :)

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PostPosted: Mon Oct 21, 2013 11:55 am 
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[quoteRetz
Post subject: Re: LUMIKHA TAYO NG DAGDAG NA TRABAHOPostPosted: Sun Oct 20, 2013 8:26 pm
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pilyo2bay wrote:
Ano kaya kung mag ambag ambag ang mga Paclanders para bumuo ng isang Company para makapag generate ng employment at kung papalarin na kumita hindi malayo na makapag donate tayo sa mga nangangailangan. Engineers, Accountants and other professionals will formulate a business plans, business proposals that is suitable to our present time. :D



anong klaseng business kaya bro p2b? :)
][/quote]

Bro RetzL:

Tnx for asking p2b. His suggestion looks vague to me also. Anyways, I expect he'll come back for more specifics and/or concrete details.


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PostPosted: Mon Oct 21, 2013 12:53 pm 
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Relating to p2b's suggestion and retz' inquiry, here's what's on my mind.

Create a foundation (I do not know how 2 create one) that is specifically intended (only) to creating an entity, e.g. our proposed Corporate Jathropa Plantation that would finance it's establishment.

Granting a foundation is already created with the help/support of an individual or group, I think the biggest problem it will face is how to get the trust of people to donate and give them 100% assurance that the funds will not be exposed to scam.

In this regard, my proposal is to ask media, preferably abs-cbn and gma networks to handle the bank account that will be assigned to the foundation like those foundations they're currently maintaining to assist calamity stricken areas.

The bank account will have a online inquiry made open to all registered members so they can monitor (24/7) themselves how much fund is already deposited.

This bank account will be completely close to any withdrawal by any person or group and can only be withdrawn for use UPON WRITTEN CONSENT by all officers and members of the foundation; once it is duly determined that the garnered amount is good enough to establish and operate the corporation (see our proposed Corporate Style Jathropa Plantation).

FOR STATISTICS AND OTHER BUSINESS KNOW-HOW/INPUTS REQUIRED WE ASK EVERYONE TO HELP US.

This is only the beginning so everyone is enjoined to come up with questions, inquiries and/or more suggestions to make our endeavor successful!

GOOD DAY MGA KA-KOSA!


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PostPosted: Wed Oct 23, 2013 9:15 pm 
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Retz wrote:
pilyo2bay wrote:
Ano kaya kung mag ambag ambag ang mga Paclanders para bumuo ng isang Company para makapag generate ng employment at kung papalarin na kumita hindi malayo na makapag donate tayo sa mga nangangailangan. Engineers, Accountants and other professionals will formulate a business plans, business proposals that is suitable to our present time. :D



anong klaseng business kaya bro p2b? :)

Naghihintay nga rin ako bro baka may mahusay gumawa ng feasibility study and business plan dito sa pacland. si mayor kiezerkent maraming business yon dito, nasan naba yon. :D


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